Lesson 5 – The imperfect active and vowel Sandhis

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link] In this lesson, the fifth one, we will learn the imperfect active of thematic verbs and vowel Sandhis. It is important to learn Sandhis as any full sentence written in Sanskrit is sure to contain Sandhis. … Continue reading Lesson 5 – The imperfect active and vowel Sandhis

Quick dictionary – a few simple words

In Sanskrit Word Order (Sorted by the Roman script , A-Z) Root class / Gender English Sanskrit If verb, then ,pres. indic.act. third sing. 1 come ā + gam आ  गम् āgacchati आगच्छति 1 bring ā + nī आ  नी ānayati आनयति m preceptor ācārya आचार्य m teacher ācārya आचार्य m fire agni अग्नि I … Continue reading Quick dictionary – a few simple words

Lesson 4 – A story from the Hitopadeśa

Welcome to Lesson 4. A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link] In this lesson, we will look at a story from the Hitopadeśa and see how what we studied so far has been applied in actual sentence construction. Of course, there will be … Continue reading Lesson 4 – A story from the Hitopadeśa

The case for learning Sanskrit

Should we learn Sanskrit? When you ask people about their opinion on learning Sanskrit, you are likely to get one of the following responses. 1. Sanskrit is a “dead” language. Why then should we labour to learn or promote it? 2. Sanskrit was and still is the language used by the Indian upper classes (like … Continue reading The case for learning Sanskrit

Lesson 3 – Vowel gradation, the ten root classes, formation of the verb stems, present indicative active, the middle voice

The video version of this lesson is given on YouTube here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link] In lesson 2 we looked at declensions and used the masculine stem  राम (rāma) as an example of the declensional paradigm. The paradigms for other stems are given in the reference here … Continue reading Lesson 3 – Vowel gradation, the ten root classes, formation of the verb stems, present indicative active, the middle voice

Lesson 2 – Declension

A YouTube video version on this lesson is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link] [Note: If you find that there are any mistakes in this or other lessons, please let me know so I can correct them.] [For ease of understanding, I have ignored Sandhis in … Continue reading Lesson 2 – Declension

naḷopākhyānam

The story of Nala (naḷopākhyānam  नळोपाख्यानम् ) is found in the Vana Parva of the Mahabharata. The story is told by the sage Brihadashva (br̥hadaśva  बृहदश्व) to Yudhishthira (yudhiṣṭhira  युधिष्ठिर). br̥hadaśva  बृहदश्व  uvāca  उवाच  The sage said Shloka 1 āsīdrājā naḷo nāma vīrasenasuto balī upapanno guṇairiṣṭai rūpavānaśvakovidaḥ आसीद्राजा नळो नाम वीरसेनसुतो बली उपपन्नो गुणैरिष्टै रूपवानश्वकोविदः … Continue reading naḷopākhyānam

Reference Material

Reference Material A. Dictionaries Vaman Shivram Apte, A Practical Sanaskrit-English Dictionary, Motilal Banrasidass Publishers Private Limited, Delhi Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Motilal Banrasidass Publishers Private Limited, Delhi Online dictionary - This is a good dictionary. You have both Sanskrit to English and English to Sanskrit here. This site also has pointers to other … Continue reading Reference Material

Lesson 1 – Introduction, conjugation

This is the first in a series of what i hope to be fifty or so lessons. I hope you will benefit from this course of lessons. I have uploaded a video verision of this on YouTube here. I will use both the Roman script and the Devanagari script in my lessons. If you are … Continue reading Lesson 1 – Introduction, conjugation