Lesson 31 – A story from the Hitopadeśa

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lessons, lesson 28 , lesson 29 and lesson 30, we looked at the perfect tense, called liṭ लिट् by the Sanskrit grammarians. In this lesson, Lesson 31, we will take another story from the Hitopadeśa and analyse … Continue reading Lesson 31 – A story from the Hitopadeśa

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Lesson 30 – The Perfect Tense – 3

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lessons, lesson 28 and lesson 29, we looked at the perfect tense, called liṭ लिट् by the Sanskrit grammarians. In this lesson we will look at one more paradigm of the perfect, the perfect participle … Continue reading Lesson 30 – The Perfect Tense – 3

Lesson 29 – The Perfect Tense – 2

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 28, we started looking at the perfect tense, called liṭ लिट् by the Sanskrit grammarians. We said that in Sanskrit there are three tenses to indicate past action, the imperfect, laṅ लङ्, the … Continue reading Lesson 29 – The Perfect Tense – 2

Lesson 28 – The Perfect Tense – 1

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 27, we looked at the simple future, the periphrastic future and the conditional - lr̥ṭ लृट्, luṭ लुट् and  lr̥ṅ लृङ् as called by the Sanskrit grammarians. In this and the next two … Continue reading Lesson 28 – The Perfect Tense – 1

Lesson 27 – The future tenses and the conditional

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 26, we looked at the passive voice. The passive voice conjugation the passive sign "ya य", which is added to a modified root. The verb is then conjugated like a thematic … Continue reading Lesson 27 – The future tenses and the conditional

Lesson 26 – The passive voice

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 25, we looked at bahuvrīhi compounds. In this lesson we will look at the passive voice. In earlier lessons we learned that most verbs could be conjugated in two voices - the … Continue reading Lesson 26 – The passive voice

Lesson 25 – Bahuvrīhi compounds

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 24, we looked at tatpuruṣa  तत्पुरुष compounds. These are compound words where the प्राधान्यम् prādhānyam is on the second element. For example, in the word, nadītīram नदीतीरम् (the bank of a river), the syntactically important word … Continue reading Lesson 25 – Bahuvrīhi compounds