Lesson 28 – The Perfect Tense – 1

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 27, we looked at the simple future, the periphrastic future and the conditional - lr̥ṭ लृट्, luṭ लुट् and  lr̥ṅ लृङ् as called by the Sanskrit grammarians. In this and the next two … Continue reading Lesson 28 – The Perfect Tense – 1

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Lesson 27 – The future tenses and the conditional

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 26, we looked at the passive voice. The passive voice conjugation the passive sign "ya य", which is added to a modified root. The verb is then conjugated like a thematic … Continue reading Lesson 27 – The future tenses and the conditional

Lesson 26 – The passive voice

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 25, we looked at bahuvrīhi compounds. In this lesson we will look at the passive voice. In earlier lessons we learned that most verbs could be conjugated in two voices - the … Continue reading Lesson 26 – The passive voice

Lesson 25 – Bahuvrīhi compounds

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 24, we looked at tatpuruṣa  तत्पुरुष compounds. These are compound words where the प्राधान्यम् prādhānyam is on the second element. For example, in the word, nadītīram नदीतीरम् (the bank of a river), the syntactically important word … Continue reading Lesson 25 – Bahuvrīhi compounds

Lesson 24 – Tatpuruṣa compounds

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 23, we looked at compounds in general and also at dvandva द्वन्द्व compounds in particular. In this lesson we will look at tatpuruṣa compounds. In the last lesson we said that compound words … Continue reading Lesson 24 – Tatpuruṣa compounds

Lesson 23 – Compound words

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In Lesson 22, we took a story, “The hermit, and the mouse that was changed to a tiger”, from the Hitopadeśa (book iv, fable 6) and analysed it. In the next few lessons we will look at compound … Continue reading Lesson 23 – Compound words

Lesson 22 – A story from the Hitopadeśa

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link] In the previous lesson, Lesson 21, we looked at the conjugation of athematic verbs of class 3. Class 3 roots form their stems by reduplicating the roots. That is, they add a (sometimes modified) part of the root to … Continue reading Lesson 22 – A story from the Hitopadeśa