Lesson 36 – Derivation of Declinable Stems

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 35, we looked at indeclinables (called avyaya अव्यय by the Sanskrit grammarians). In this lesson we will look at how declinable stems are derived from roots. In lesson 1, we mentioned that, in Sanskrit, … Continue reading Lesson 36 – Derivation of Declinable Stems

Lesson 35 – Indeclinables

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 34, we looked at the Aorist. In this lesson we will look at indeclinables (called avyaya अव्यय by the Sanskrit grammarians). Indeclinables, as their name suggests, remain the same in all cases, numbers, … Continue reading Lesson 35 – Indeclinables

Lesson 34 – The Aorist

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous two lessons, lesson 32 and lesson 33, we looked at the secondary conjugations, The Causative, the Intensive, the Desiderative and the Denominative. We had already considered the passive in lesson 26. In this lesson … Continue reading Lesson 34 – The Aorist

Lesson 33 – Other secondary conjugations

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 32, we looked at the causative. We said that the causative was a secondary conjugation. A secondary conjugation is one in which a whole system of conjugations is formed from a derivative … Continue reading Lesson 33 – Other secondary conjugations

Lesson 32 – Secondary conjugations – The causative

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lessons, lesson 28, lesson 29, and lesson 30, we looked at the perfect tense, called liṭ लिट् by the Sanskrit grammarians. In lesson 31, we analysed a story from the Hitopadeśa. In this lesson we will look … Continue reading Lesson 32 – Secondary conjugations – The causative

Lesson 31 – A story from the Hitopadeśa

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lessons, lesson 28 , lesson 29 and lesson 30, we looked at the perfect tense, called liṭ लिट् by the Sanskrit grammarians. In this lesson, Lesson 31, we will take another story from the Hitopadeśa and analyse … Continue reading Lesson 31 – A story from the Hitopadeśa

Lesson 30 – The Perfect Tense – 3

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lessons, lesson 28 and lesson 29, we looked at the perfect tense, called liṭ लिट् by the Sanskrit grammarians. In this lesson we will look at one more paradigm of the perfect, the perfect participle … Continue reading Lesson 30 – The Perfect Tense – 3

Lesson 29 – The Perfect Tense – 2

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 28, we started looking at the perfect tense, called liṭ लिट् by the Sanskrit grammarians. We said that in Sanskrit there are three tenses to indicate past action, the imperfect, laṅ लङ्, the … Continue reading Lesson 29 – The Perfect Tense – 2

Lesson 28 – The Perfect Tense – 1

A short  YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 27, we looked at the simple future, the periphrastic future and the conditional - lr̥ṭ लृट्, luṭ लुट् and  lr̥ṅ लृङ् as called by the Sanskrit grammarians. In this and the next two … Continue reading Lesson 28 – The Perfect Tense – 1

Lesson 27 – The future tenses and the conditional

A short YouTube version is available here. [Expand to the full article to be able to click on the link]. In the previous lesson, lesson 26, we looked at the passive voice. The passive voice conjugation the passive sign "ya य", which is added to a modified root. The verb is then conjugated like a thematic … Continue reading Lesson 27 – The future tenses and the conditional